The main purpose of this work is to re-examine the literature published in the USSR during the Brežnevian era (1964-'84). Although it was considered insignificant and uninteresting, quickly forgotten after its conclusion, Brežnevian era was a period of silent change of society. These changes reflected on a substantial part of the official literature that while remaining within the ideological and politically acceptable, did not exempt from confronting the most uncomfortable issues of the time. In this ‘free’ zone, authors of the calibre of Čingiz Ajtmatov, Viktor Astaf’ev, Valentin Rasputin, Vasilij Šukšin and Jurij Trifonov succeed in introducing themselves. Their different artistic personalities and ideological positions about the socialist realism show the slow process of pluralization of the Soviet culture.
University of Genoa, Italy