Contained in:
Book Chapter

Building Inspector XR: Streamlining Scan-to-BIM with Virtual and Mixed Reality

  • Christoph Blut
  • Tristan Kinnen
  • Jörg Blankenbach
  • Dirk Heidermann
  • Felix Schellong

Digitalization in the construction industry is increasingly striving to create digital twins in order to continuously exploit optimization potential in the management and utilization of existing buildings. Building Information Modeling (BIM)-based as-is or as-built documentation represents a promising basis in this context, which requires creating a geometric model for example based on point clouds as well as semantic enrichment in a Scan-to-BIM workflow. Conventionally, this is carried out manually by specialists on 2D screens and often is time-consuming and costly. The project "Building Inspector XR" addresses these issues and presents an intuitive solution for BIM-based as-is/as-built documentation using X-Reality (XR). In Virtual Reality (VR), BIM models are created off-site from point clouds and then are verified in Mixed Reality (MR) on-site. By integrating (partially) automated methods and targeting user-friendliness in our solution, Scan-to-BIM can be realized more efficiently and intuitively. In this paper, the focus lies on the innovative aspects of our XR application which encompass VR and MR environments, automation support, modeling schemes in compliance with BIM standards, and the registration of models in reality for MR. Additionally, the paper shows the interconnected toolchain that facilitates an efficient Scan-to-BIM workflow

  • Keywords:
  • Building Information Modeling,
  • Virtual Reality,
  • Mixed Reality,
+ Show More

Christoph Blut

Geodetical Institute and Chair for Computing in Civil Engineering & GIS RWTH Aachen University, Germany - ORCID: 0000-0002-8089-7385

Tristan Kinnen

Geodetical Institute and Chair for Computing in Civil Engineering & GIS RWTH Aachen University, Germany - ORCID: 0000-0002-1837-2131

Jörg Blankenbach

Geodetical Institute and Chair for Computing in Civil Engineering & GIS RWTH Aachen University, Germany - ORCID: 0000-0002-5700-8818

Dirk Heidermann

TEMA Technologie Marketing, Germany

Felix Schellong

TEMA Technologie Marketing, Germany

  1. Adekunle, S. A., Aigbavboa, C., & Ejohwomu, O. A. (2022). Scan TO BIM: A systematic literature review network analysis. IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, 1218(1), 12057. DOI: 10.1088/1757-899X/1218/1/012057
  2. Alizadehsalehi, S., Hadavi, A., & Huang, J. C. (2020). From BIM to extended reality in AEC industry. Automation in Construction, 116, 103254. DOI: 10.1016/j.autcon.2020.103254
  3. Arkio (2023, September 21). Retrieved from https://www.arkio.is/
  4. Autodesk (2023, July 18). Retrieved from https://www.autodesk.com/
  5. BIM Holoview Ltd. (2023, July 18). Retrieved from https://www.bimholoview.com/
  6. Blankenbach, J., Schwermann, R., & Becker, R. (2021). Bauwerksvermessung und BIM. In Building Information Modeling (pp. 475–505). Springer Vieweg, Wiesbaden. DOI: 10.1007/978-3-658-33361-4_25
  7. Blut, C., & Blankenbach, J. (2021). Three-dimensional CityGML building models in mobile augmented reality: a smartphone-based pose tracking system. International Journal of Digital Earth, 14(1), 32–51. DOI: 10.1080/17538947.2020.1733680
  8. Blut, C., Kinnen, T., Schellong, F., Heidermann, D., Bleimann-Gather, G., & Blankenbach, J. (2023). X-Reality for intuitive BIM-based as-built documentation. Proceedings of the FIG Working Week 2023 "Protecting Our World, Conquering New Frontiers" Orlando, Florida, USA. Retrieved from https://www.fig.net/resources/proceedings/fig_proceedings/fig2023/papers/ts05d/TS05D_blut_kinnen_et_al_11918.pdf
  9. BuildingSMART (2019, June 20). Industry Foundation Classes (IFC) - buildingSMART International. Retrieved from https://www.buildingsmart.org/standards/bsi-standards/industry-foundation-classes/
  10. BuildingSMART (2023, July 31). IFC4.3.1.0 Documentation. Retrieved from https://ifc43-docs.standards.buildingsmart.org/
  11. Chaos (2023, July 18). Retrieved from https://enscape3d.com/
  12. Datacomp (2023, July 27). BIMvision. Retrieved from https://bimvision.eu/de/
  13. Donath, D. (2008). Bauaufnahme und Planung im Bestand: Grundlagen - Methoden - Darstellung - Beispiele (1. Aufl.). Praxis. Wiesbaden: Vieweg, F. DOI: 10.1007/978-3-8348-9236-2
  14. Epic Games (2023a, July 18). Retrieved from https://www.twinmotion.com/en-US
  15. Epic Games (2023b, July 20). LiDAR Point Cloud Plugin Overview. Retrieved from https://docs.unrealengine.com/5.2/en-US/lidar-point-cloud-plugin-overview-in-unreal-engine/
  16. Epic Games (2023c, July 27). Datasmith - Unreal Engine. Retrieved from https://www.unrealengine.com/en-US/datasmith
  17. Epic Games (2023d, July 27). Unreal Engine. Retrieved from https://www.unrealengine.com/de
  18. GAMMA Technologies S.à r.l (2023, June 27). Retrieved from https://gamma-ar.com/
  19. Lari, Z., Habib, A., & Kwak, E. (2011). An ADAPTIVE APPROACH FOR SEGMENTATION OF 3D LASER POINT CLOUD. The International Archives of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences, XXXVIII-5/W12, 103–108. DOI: 10.5194/isprsarchives-xxxviii-5-w12-103-2011
  20. Luhmann, T., Robson, S., Kyle, S., & Boehm, J. (2014). Close-range photogrammetry and 3D imaging (2nd edition). Berlin: De Gruyter. DOI: 10.1515/9783110607253
  21. Meta (2023, July 18). Retrieved from https://www.meta.com/de/en/quest/products/quest-2/
  22. Microsoft (2023, July 18). Retrieved from https://www.microsoft.com/de-de/hololens
  23. Son, H., Kim, C., & Turkan, Y. (2015). Scan-to-BIM - An Overview of the Current State of the Art and a Look Ahead. In Proceedings of the International Symposium on Automation and Robotics in Construction (IAARC). International Association for Automation and Robotics in Construction (IAARC). DOI: 10.22260/isarc2015/0050
  24. Umeyama, S. (1991). Least-squares estimation of transformation parameters between two point patterns. IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence, 13(4), 376–380. DOI: 10.1109/34.88573
  25. Unity Technologies (2023, July 18). Retrieved from https://unity.com/products/unity-reflect
  26. Valve Corporation (2023, July 27). Valve Index. Retrieved from https://store.steampowered.com/valveindex
  27. VR Sketch (2023, June 18). Retrieved from https://vrsketch.eu/
  28. Wu, S., Hou, L., & Zhang, G. (2021). Integrated Application of BIM and eXtended Reality Technology: A Review, Classification and Outlook. Proceedings of the 18th International Conference on Computing in Civil and Building Engineering: ICCCBE 2020, 1227–1236. DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-51295-8_86
PDF
  • Publication Year: 2023
  • Pages: 13-22

XML
  • Publication Year: 2023

Chapter Information

Chapter Title

Building Inspector XR: Streamlining Scan-to-BIM with Virtual and Mixed Reality

Authors

Christoph Blut, Tristan Kinnen, Jörg Blankenbach, Dirk Heidermann, Felix Schellong

DOI

10.36253/979-12-215-0289-3.02

Peer Reviewed

Publication Year

2023

Copyright Information

© 2023 Author(s)

Content License

CC BY-NC 4.0

Metadata License

CC0 1.0

Bibliographic Information

Book Title

CONVR 2023 - Proceedings of the 23rd International Conference on Construction Applications of Virtual Reality

Book Subtitle

Managing the Digital Transformation of Construction Industry

Editors

Pietro Capone, Vito Getuli, Farzad Pour Rahimian, Nashwan Dawood, Alessandro Bruttini, Tommaso Sorbi

Peer Reviewed

Publication Year

2023

Copyright Information

© 2023 Author(s)

Content License

CC BY-NC 4.0

Metadata License

CC0 1.0

Publisher Name

Firenze University Press

DOI

10.36253/979-12-215-0289-3

eISBN (pdf)

979-12-215-0289-3

eISBN (xml)

979-12-215-0257-2

Series Title

Proceedings e report

Series ISSN

2704-601X

Series E-ISSN

2704-5846

56

Fulltext
downloads

49

Views

Export Citation

1,310

Open Access Books

in the Catalogue

1,977

Book Chapters

3,390,281

Fulltext
downloads

4,172

Authors

from 873 Research Institutions

of 64 Nations

63

scientific boards

from 340 Research Institutions

of 43 Nations

1,157

Referees

from 344 Research Institutions

of 37 Nations