Contained in:
Book Chapter

Extraction and characterization methods for microplastics from estuarine and coastal samplings – Example of the 2019 TARA expedition

  • Lata Soccalingame
  • Marie Notheaux
  • Maialen Palazot
  • Mikaël Kedzierski
  • Stéphane Bruzaud

To investigate plastic pollution in rivers, the Tara schooner collected samples from 9 of the main European rivers from May to November 2019. The objectives of the present study are the quantification of the microplastic (MP) contamination and the identification of the chemical nature of microplastics. Thus, extraction methods and automated computer processing for polymer characterization were developed. The three main polymers found were polyethylene (PE), polypropylene (PP) and polystyrene (PS). These results must be compared to the results from other rivers to draw a consistent pattern.

  • Keywords:
  • Plastic pollution,
  • Microplastics,
  • Microplastic extraction,
  • Infrared spectroscopy,
  • ,
+ Show More

Lata Soccalingame

Bretagne Sud University, France

Marie Notheaux

Bretagne Sud University, France

Maialen Palazot

Bretagne Sud University, France

Mikaël Kedzierski

Bretagne Sud University, France

Stéphane Bruzaud

Bretagne Sud University, France

  1. P. J. Kershaw and C. M. Rochman, “Sources, fate and effects of microplastics in the marine environment: part two of a global assessment,” GESAMP, 2016. http://www.gesamp.org/site/assets/files/1275/sources-fate-and-effects-of-microplastics-in-the-marine-environment-part-2-of-a-global-assessment-en.pdf
  2. https://wedocs.unep.org/bitstream/handle/20.500.11822/27646/plastic_corals.pdf?sequence=1&isAllowed=y
  3. M. Kedzierski, M. L. Pedrotti, S. Bruzaud, and L. Frère, Plastic pollution in the ocean: what we know and what we don’t know about. 2018. DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.2.36720.92160
  4. R. Dris et al., “Beyond the ocean: contamination of freshwater ecosystems with (micro-)plastic particles,” Environ. Chem., vol. 12, no. 5, p. 539, 2015. DOI: 10.1071/EN14172
  5. L. C. M. Lebreton, J. van der Zwet, J.-W. Damsteeg, B. Slat, A. Andrady, and J. Reisser, “River plastic emissions to the world’s oceans,” Nat. Commun., vol. 8, no. 1, Art. no. 1, 2017. DOI: 10.1038/ncomms15611
  6. M. Kedzierski et al., “Chemical composition of microplastics floating on the surface of the Mediterranean Sea,” Mar. Pollut. Bull., vol. 174, p. 113284, 2022. DOI: 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2021.113284
  7. A. Cincinelli, T. Martellini, C. Guerranti, C. Scopetani, D. Chelazzi, and T. Giarrizzo, “A potpourri of microplastics in the sea surface and water column of the Mediterranean Sea,” TrAC Trends Anal. Chem., vol. 110, pp. 321–326, 2019. DOI: 10.1016/j.trac.2018.10.026
  8. R. R. Hurley, A. L. Lusher, M. Olsen, and L. Nizzetto, “Validation of a Method for Extracting Microplastics from Complex, Organic-Rich, Environmental Matrices,” Environ. Sci. Technol., vol. 52, no. 13, pp. 7409–7417, 2018. DOI: 10.1021/acs.est.8b01517
  9. J. Schindelin et al., “Fiji: an open-source platform for biological-image analysis,” Nat. Methods, vol. 9, no. 7, Art. no. 7, 2012. DOI: 10.1038/nmeth.2019
  10. M. Kedzierski et al., “Microplastics in Mediterranean Sea: A protocol to robustly assess contamination characteristics,” PLOS ONE, vol. 14, no. 2, p. e0212088, 2019. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0212088
  11. M. Kedzierski, M. Falcou-Préfol, M. E. Kerros, M. Henry, M. L. Pedrotti, and S. Bruzaud, “A machine learning algorithm for high throughput identification of FTIR spectra: Application on microplastics collected in the Mediterranean Sea,” Chemosphere, vol. 234, pp. 242–251, 2019. DOI: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2019.05.113
PDF
  • Publication Year: 2022
  • Pages: 560-567

XML
  • Publication Year: 2022

Chapter Information

Chapter Title

Extraction and characterization methods for microplastics from estuarine and coastal samplings – Example of the 2019 TARA expedition

Authors

Lata Soccalingame, Marie Notheaux, Maialen Palazot, Mikaël Kedzierski, Stéphane Bruzaud

Language

English

DOI

10.36253/979-12-215-0030-1.52

Peer Reviewed

Publication Year

2022

Copyright Information

© 2022 Author(s)

Content License

CC BY-NC-SA 4.0

Metadata License

CC0 1.0

Bibliographic Information

Book Title

Ninth International Symposium “Monitoring of Mediterranean Coastal Areas: Problems and Measurement Techniques”

Book Subtitle

Livorno (Italy) 14th-16th June 2022

Editors

Laura Bonora, Donatella Carboni, Matteo De Vincenzi, Giorgio Matteucci

Peer Reviewed

Publication Year

2022

Copyright Information

© 2022 Author(s)

Content License

CC BY-NC-SA 4.0

Metadata License

CC0 1.0

Publisher Name

Firenze University Press

DOI

10.36253/979-12-215-0030-1

eISBN (pdf)

979-12-215-0030-1

eISBN (xml)

979-12-215-0031-8

Series Title

Monitoring of Mediterranean Coastal Areas: Problems and Measurement Techniques

Series ISSN

2975-0423

Series E-ISSN

2975-0288

80

Fulltext
downloads

64

Views

Export Citation

1,301

Open Access Books

in the Catalogue

1,746

Book Chapters

3,161,365

Fulltext
downloads

3,977

Authors

from 819 Research Institutions

of 63 Nations

63

scientific boards

from 340 Research Institutions

of 43 Nations

1,140

Referees

from 342 Research Institutions

of 36 Nations