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National Qualifications Frameworks as A Policy Instrument for Lifelong Learning in Ghana, Malaysia and Serbia

  • Borut Mikulec
  • Alex Howells
  • Dubravka Mihajlović
  • Punia Turiman
  • Nurun Najah Ellias
  • Miriam Douglas

The development of national qualifications frameworks (NQFs) around the globe has been influenced by Anglo-Saxon countries and a global policy of intergovernmental organisations. The main aim of this paper is to explore how recently developed NQFs in diverse global contexts—Ghana, Malaysia, and Serbia—fulfil two proclaimed objectives: recognition of prior learning (RPL) and support for lifelong learning. Based on a comparative analysis of official national and international policy documents relevant to the NQFs in these selected countries, conducted using the method of documentary analysis, our findings indicate that despite differences according to type, scope, and stage of development, all three NQFs are used as a policy instrument for lifelong learning on the one hand, while on the other hand, they reinforce a vocational perspective of RPL, lifelong learning, and adult education.

  • Keywords:
  • Ghana,
  • lifelong learning,
  • Malaysia,
  • qualifications frameworks,
  • recognition of prior learning,
  • Serbia,
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Borut Mikulec

University of Ljubljana, Slovenia - ORCID: 0000-0002-4500-3091

Alex Howells

University of Hamburg, Germany - ORCID: 0000-0002-6229-138X

Dubravka Mihajlović

University of Belgrade, Serbia - ORCID: 0000-0002-5637-4672

Punia Turiman

National University of Malaysia, Malaysia

Nurun Najah Ellias

National University of Malaysia, Malaysia

Miriam Douglas

West Liberty University, United States - ORCID: 0000-0002-0070-6703

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  • Publication Year: 2020
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  • Content License: CC BY 4.0
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  • Publication Year: 2020
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Chapter Information

Chapter Title

National Qualifications Frameworks as A Policy Instrument for Lifelong Learning in Ghana, Malaysia and Serbia

Authors

Borut Mikulec, Alex Howells, Dubravka Mihajlović, Punia Turiman, Nurun Najah Ellias, Miriam Douglas

Language

English

DOI

10.36253/978-88-5518-155-6.06

Peer Reviewed

Publication Year

2020

Copyright Information

© 2020 Author(s)

Content License

CC BY 4.0

Metadata License

CC0 1.0

Table of Contents

Book Title

International and Comparative Studies in Adult and Continuing Education

Editors

Vanna Boffo, Regina Egetenmeyer, Stefanie Kröner

Peer Reviewed

Number of Pages

238

Publication Year

2020

Copyright Information

© 2020 Author(s)

Content License

CC BY 4.0

Metadata License

CC0 1.0

Publisher Name

Firenze University Press

DOI

10.36253/978-88-5518-154-9

ISBN Print

978-88-5518-153-2

eISBN (pdf)

978-88-5518-154-9

eISBN (epub)

978-88-5518-155-6

Series Title

Studies on Adult Learning and Education

Series Issn ISSN

2704-596X

Series E-Issn

2704-5781

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