Corpus LBC (Lessico dei Beni Culturali) Español

  • Elena Carpi,
  • Ana Pano Alamán,

The lemma gathers the essential entries in the field of artistic goods and includes place names and personal names strictly connected to Italian and Florentine art. It is a reference work, of great interest also for researchers of specialized vocabulary and extremely useful for translators and cultural operators.

The corpus used contains over a million words and constitutes, along with comparable corpora in French, German, Russian, English, and Spanish, the General LBC Corpus It is composed of texts of different types and genres from the Renaissance to the twentieth century and collects, alongside original language writings, also translations from other languages. It includes classic works dedicated to the Florentine and Italian artistic heritage, such as Giorgio Vasari's Vita and Benvenuto Cellini's Vite, technical texts like Andrea Palladio's I Quattro Libri dell'Architettura; famous historical-artistic writings by non-Italian authors, for example, Jacob Burckhardt's Geschichte der Renaissance in Italien or John Ruskin's Mornings in Florence, along with works by great writers dedicated to the Grand Tour in Italy, such as Stendhal's Promenade dans Rome, Goethe's Italienische Reise, etc. The list of sources used for each language is presented on the website.

By clicking on the words in the lemma, a window will open containing the list of concordances, as well as citations of the terms in the corpus sources, accompanied by an abbreviation that refers to the bibliographic indication of the originating text. The lemma includes about 2000 words of essential art lexicon and about 10,000 concordances that show their usage in context.

  • Keywords:
  • Multilingual Lexicon,
  • Cultural Heritage,
  • Lexicographic Research,
  • Corpus,
  • Digital Platform,
+ Show more

Elena Carpi

University of Pisa, Italy - ORCID: 0000-0001-7503-6137

Ana Pano Alamán

University of Bologna, Italy - ORCID: 0000-0003-3652-8694

Elena Carpi is professor of Spanish language and translation at the University of Pisa. She has been part of the LBC research group since its creation. She specialized in specialty languages, and in lexicology. Among her publications: Las denominaciones de los establecimientos de alojamiento turístico en la normativa Española in Lengua y derecho: líneas de investigación interdisciplinarias (Peter Lang, 2011), Lengua e ideología: huellas polifónicas en los preámbulos de la legislación turística Españolain M.V. Calvi, G. Mapelli (eds.), La lengua del turismo. Géneros discursivos y terminología (Peter Lang, 2011) et El lenguaje para fines artísticos: las traducciones de tondo al español en LSP in Multi-disciplinary contexts of Teaching and Research.

Ana Pano Alaman teaches Spanish language and linguistics at the University of Bologna. Her main research lines focus on linguistic and pragmatic analysis of digital, media, and political discourse in Spanish, translation history, and the application of computer science to humanities research. She has given lectures, courses, and seminars on these topics at various universities (Alcalá de Henares, Seville, Alicante, Copenhagen, Haute-Alsace, Cairo, UIMP, Stockholm, Malaga, Buenos Aires) and has published numerous scientific articles and monographs. She is a member of international research projects (Language and Press, Metapres, Dismupren, Polyphony) and national projects (Multilingual Lexicon of Cultural Assets, Unicittà, Univocittà). She was a member of the Steering Committee of the International Association of Discourse and Society Studies (2015-2019) and is co-editor of the journal Textos en Proceso of the international program ASICE-EDICE.
  1. Billero R. (2020), Cultural Heritage Lexicon: A Case Study. In Ana Pano Alamán, Valeria Zotti, The language of art and culture heritage: a plurilingual and digital perspective, Cambridge Scholars Publishing, pp. 86-103.
  2. Billero R., Nicolás Martínez M.C. (2017), Nuove risorse per la ricerca del lessico del patrimonio culturale: corpora multilingue LBC. In CHIMERA Romance Corpora and Linguistic Studies, Madrid, UAM, 4.2, pp. 203-216.
  3. Billero R., Carpi E. (2018), Corpora e terminologia artistica: il caso del corpus spagnolo LBC. In CHIMERA Romance Corpora and Linguistic Studies, Madrid, UAM, 5, no. 1, pp. 85-91.
  4. Carpi E. (2017), El lenguaje para fines artísticos: traducciones de tondo al español. In Alejandro Curado (ed.), LSP in Multi-disciplinary contexts of Teaching and Research. Papers from the 16th International AELFE Conference, vol. 3, pp. 79–84. DOI: 10.29007/wx3m
  5. Farina A., Nicolás Martínez C., Billero R. (eds.) (2020), I Corpora LBC, Firenze University Press, Firenze.
  6. Farina A., Flinz C. (2020), Analisi comparativa dei corpora LBC. La visione del patrimonio fiorentino francese e tedesco: l'esempio del Duomo. In Fernando Funari, Annick Farina (eds.), Le présent dans le passé / Past in Present/ Il passato nel presente, Firenze University Press, Firenze.
  7. Farina A., Billero R. (2018), Comparaison de corpus de langue « naturelle » et de langue « de traduction » : les bases de données textuelles LBC, un outil essentiel pour la création de fiches lexicographiques bilingues, JADT’18 Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Statistical Analysis of Textual Data, UniversItalia, pp. 108-116.
  8. Farina A. (2016), Le portail lexicographique du Lessico plurilingue dei Beni Culturali, outil pour le professionnel, instrument de divulgation du savoir patrimonial et atelier didactique. In Publif@rum, n. 24, 2016.
  9. Garzaniti M. (2020), Il termine russo friag e le sue radici nelle relazioni culturali e artistiche fra la Russia e l’Italia. In Ana Pano Alamán, Valeria Zotti, The language of art and culture heritage: a plurilingual and digital perspective, Cambridge Scholars Publishing. pp 104-119.
  • Publication Year: 2024
  • eISBN: 978-88-5518-035-1
  • Content License: CC BY-SA 4.0
  • © 2024 Author(s)

  • Publication Year: 2024
  • eISBN: 978-88-5518-036-8
  • Content License: CC BY-SA 4.0
  • © 2024 Author(s)

Bibliographic Information

Book Title

Corpus LBC (Lessico dei Beni Culturali) Español


Elena Carpi, Ana Pano Alamán

Peer Reviewed

Publication Year


Copyright Information

© 2024 Author(s)

Content License

CC BY-SA 4.0

Metadata License

CC0 1.0

Publisher Name

Firenze University Press



eISBN (web)


eISBN (xml)


Series Title

Lessico multilingue dei Beni Culturali


Page Views

Export Citation
Suggested Books


Open Access Books

in the Catalogue


Book Chapters





from 876 Research Institutions

of 64 Nations


scientific boards

from 343 Research Institutions

of 43 Nations



from 363 Research Institutions

of 38 Nations