Between the Middle Ages and the end of the eighteenth century, taxation in Europe was very different from that of modern society. It was characterised by the predominance of indirect taxes over direct, with the latter being substantially irregular. The studies published in these proceedings of Study Week promoted by the Fondazione Datini examine the comparative evolution of the European fiscal systems and fiscal policies and the effects of taxation on the economy. The wealth of specific and original contributions, as well as the attempts at structural organisation, reveal the distinct vivacity of European and western historiography, offering an overall and articulated picture of the European tax systems in the pre-industrial age.
F. Datini International Institute of Economic History, Italy