The volume collects several contributions, many of which were presented during a two-year-long cycle of meetings on comparative law, held at the University of Florence and organized by the curator with the aim of suggesting a critical and interdisciplinary vision for the theme of family mediation. First, the topic of 'lenient justice' is addressed, thanks to a series of essays dedicated to the philosophical, psychological and educational perspectives, as well as to the legal profiles of the subject. The volume also analyses the experiences of the main common law and civil law systems, of which an extensive study carried out by several international experts is provided. After that, a set of issues which are currently at the centre of heated debates are examined, as they relate to the coexistence of traditional and innovative models in the context of family relationships. Finally, attention is paid to a reflection whose focus are the guarantees to prepare in order to protect the subjects involved in the conflict, not only within the family, but also in the broader educational and social context.