Book Chapter

Les Salviati et le troc monétarisé: des pratiques courantes au XVe siècle entre la Méditerranée et le Nord-Ouest de l’Europe

  • Matthieu Scherman

The great merchant-bankers of the Italian peninsula, particularly the Florentines, were renowned for their accounting and technical expertise. The double-entry system they used to keep their accounts is proof of their 'modernity'. It is therefore interesting to look at the practice of doing business by exchanging goods rather than by paying in cash or using bookkeeping entries as a means of balancing the books, a practice that has existed for a very long time in all areas of trade and commerce. The Salviati family of Florence is a privileged observatory for analysing trade and commercial practices, thanks to the preservation of their accounts, particularly for their branch opened in London in 1445.

  • Keywords:
  • Salviati,
  • London,
  • Bruges,
  • Florence,
  • Bookeeping,
+ Show More

Matthieu Scherman

Université Gustave Eiffel, France - ORCID: 0000-0002-6796-5902

  1. Arnoux, Mathieu, et Jacques Bottin. 2001. “Autour de Rouen et Paris: modalités d’intégration d’un espace drapier (XIIIe-XVIe siècles).” Revue d’Histoire moderne et contemporaine 48, 2: 162-91.
  2. Arnoux, Mathieu, et Jacques Bottin. 2003. “L’organisation des territoires du draps entre Rouen et Paris: dynamiques productives et commerciales (XIIIe-XVIe siècles).” In La draperie en Normandie du XIIIe au XXe siècle, ed. Alain Becchia, 167-85. Mont-Saint-Aignan: PURH, 2003.
  3. Biscaro, Girolamo. 1913. “Il banco Filippo Borromei e compagni di Londra (1436-1439).” Archivio Storico Lombardo, IV/40/XIX: 37-126.
  4. Bochaca, Michel. 1998. Les marchands bordelais au temps de Louis XI. Espaces et réseaux de relations économiques, Bordeaux: Ausonius.
  5. Braunstein, Philippe. 2016. Les Allemands à Venise, Rome: École française de Rome.
  6. Cardon, Dominique. 1999. “La garrigue, monde de l’écarlate.” Études rurales, 151-152: 33-42.
  7. Carlomagno, Antonio. 2009. Il banco Salviati di Pisa: commercio e finanza di una compagnia fiorentina tra il 1438 e il 1489, sous la direction de Giuseppe Petralia, Pise: Università degli studi di Pisa.
  8. Chittolini, Giorgio. 1990. “«Quasi-città». Borghi e terre in area lombarda nel tardo Medioevo.” Società e Storia 1990, XIII, 47: 3-26.
  9. Demont, Vincent, et Anne Wegener Sleeswij. 2018. “Milieux du courtage à Amsterdam et à Hambourg (fin XVIIe - début XVIIIe siècle).” In Le pouvoir des courtiers. Univers marchand et acteurs du courtage en Europe (XIVe-XVIIIe siècle), ed. Vincent Demont, Matthieu Scherman, Anne Wegener Sleeswijk, 177-95. Paris: Éditions rue d’Ulm/Presses de l’École normale supérieure.
  10. Giagnacovo, Maria. 2014. Appunti di metrologia mercantile genovese. Un contributo della documentazione aziendale Datini, Firenze: FUP.
  11. Guidi Bruscoli, Francesco, Bolton, John L. 2007. “The Borromei Bank Research Project.” In Money, Markets and Trade in Late Medieval Europe. Essays in Honour of John H. A. Munro, 460-88. Leiden-Boston: Brill.
  12. Holmes, George. 1993. “Anglo-Florentine Trade in 1451.” The English Historical Review, 108, 427: 371-386
  13. Judde de Larivière, Claire. 2008. Naviguer, commercer, gouverner. Économie maritime et pouvoirs à Venise (XVe-XVIe siècles), Leiden-New York-Cologne: Brill.
  14. Mallett, Michael. 1967. The Florentine Galley’s in the Fifteenth Century, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  15. Mueller, Reinhold. , “Il baratto in una terra soggetta a Venezia.” In R. Mueller, Venezia nel tardo Medioevo. Economia e società, ed. Luca Molà, Michael Knapton, Luciano Pezzolo, 531-37. Rome: Viella,
  16. Pacioli, Luca. 1994. Trattato di partita doppia, ed. Annalisa Conterio, Venise: Albrizzi.
  17. Revel, Jacques. 2006. “L’institution et le social.” In Un parcours critique. Douze exercices d’histoire sociale, 85-110. Paris: Galaade Editions.
  18. Scherman, Matthieu. 2015. “Un manuel de comptes pour les petits marchands: Per tenir conto de Graziol della Corona, (marchand) vénitien du début du XVIe siècle”, Mélanges de l’École française de Rome. Moyen Âge, 127, 2, 2015 (consultable en ligne <http://mefrm.revues.org/2783>).
  19. Scherman, Matthieu. 2020. “L’insertion d’une banque à l’étranger: le cas des Salviati à Londres à la mi-XVe siècle.” In Mercados y espacios económicos en el siglo XV: El mundo del mercader Torralba ed. David Abulafia, M. Dolores López Pérez, 383-412. Barcelona: Universitat de Barcelona Edicions.
  20. Scherman, Matthieu. 2021. “La famille et le travail, le travail de la famille: la variété des configurations organisationnelles du travail et des entreprises en Italie centro-septentrionale au XVe siècle.” L’Homme & la Société, 211: 27-42.
  21. Soldani, Maria Elisa. 2007. “Tra reti internazionali e spazio urbano. Forme mercantili di comunicazione, solidarietà e gestione degli affari nel Mediterraneo occidentale bassomedievale.” In Espaces et Réseaux en Méditerranée VIe -XVIe siècle. Vol. I, ed. Damien Coulon, Dominique Valérian, Chirstophe Picard, 81-110. Paris: Bouchène.
  22. Stöckly Doris. 1995. Le système de l’Incanto des galées du marché à Venise, fin XIIIe-milieu XVe siècle, Leiden-New York-Cologne: Brill, 1995.
  23. Sutton, Anne, F. 2005. The Mercery of London. Trade, Goods and People, 1130-1578, Aldershot.
  24. Tiddeman, Megan (ed.). 2022. The Cantelowe Accounts. Multilingual merchant records from Tuscany, 1450-1451, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  25. Tognetti, Sergio, 1999. Il banco Cambini. Affari e mercati di una compagnia mercantile-bancaria nella Firenze del XV, Florence: Olschki.
  26. Tognetti, Sergio. 2000. “Uno scambio diseguale. Aspetti dei rapporti commerciali tra Firenze e Napoli nella seconda metà del Quattrocento.” Archivio Storico Italiano, 158: 461-80.
  27. Verna, Catherine. 2017. L’industrie au village. Essai de micro-histoire (Arles-sur-Tech, XIVe et XVe siècles), Paris: Les Belles Lettres.
PDF
  • Publication Year: 2024
  • Pages: 291-302
  • Content License: CC BY 4.0
  • © 2024 Author(s)

XML
  • Publication Year: 2024
  • Content License: CC BY 4.0
  • © 2024 Author(s)

Chapter Information

Chapter Title

Les Salviati et le troc monétarisé: des pratiques courantes au XVe siècle entre la Méditerranée et le Nord-Ouest de l’Europe

Authors

Matthieu Scherman

Language

French

DOI

10.36253/979-12-215-0347-0.17

Peer Reviewed

Publication Year

2024

Copyright Information

© 2024 Author(s)

Content License

CC BY 4.0

Metadata License

CC0 1.0

Bibliographic Information

Book Title

Mezzi di scambio non monetari. Merci e servizi come monete alternative nelle economie dei secoli XIII-XVIII / Alternative currencies. Commodities and services as exchange currencies in the monetarized economies of the 13th to 18th centuries

Editors

Angela Orlandi

Peer Reviewed

Number of Pages

592

Publication Year

2024

Copyright Information

© 2024 Author(s)

Content License

CC BY 4.0

Metadata License

CC0 1.0

Publisher Name

Firenze University Press

DOI

10.36253/979-12-215-0347-0

ISBN Print

979-12-215-0346-3

eISBN (pdf)

979-12-215-0347-0

eISBN (xml)

979-12-215-0348-7

Series Title

Datini Studies in Economic History

Series ISSN

2975-1241

Series E-ISSN

2975-1195

26

Fulltext
downloads

44

Views

Export Citation

1,310

Open Access Books

in the Catalogue

1,977

Book Chapters

3,390,281

Fulltext
downloads

4,172

Authors

from 873 Research Institutions

of 64 Nations

63

scientific boards

from 340 Research Institutions

of 43 Nations

1,157

Referees

from 344 Research Institutions

of 37 Nations