Book Chapter

Measuring urban inequalities. Spatial patterns of service access in sixteenth-century Leiden

  • Arie Van Steensel

This contribution develops a broader understanding of well-being in premodern towns and by using digital methods to map social and economic inequalities, thereby drawing on insights from research on socio-spatial equity from urban studies. The key questions are how socio-economic inequality was reflected in the urban social topography and to what extent these spatial patterns reproduced inequality. Taking sixteenth-century Leiden as a case study, the spatial patterns of economic inequality and social segregation in this town are first examined. Next, the level of location-based inequality is explored by mapping and calculating urban spatial patterns of service accessibility.

  • Keywords:
  • economic inequality,
  • economic history,
  • low countries,
  • leiden,
  • pre-industrial age,
+ Show More

Arie Van Steensel

University of Groningen, Netherlands - ORCID: 0000-0003-3439-264X

  1. Alfani G. and Di Tullio M. (2019), The Lion’s Share: Inequality and the Rise of the Fiscal State in Preindustrial Europe, Cambridge.
  2. Alfani G. and Ryckbosch W. (2016), Growing Apart in Early Modern Europe? A Comparison of Inequality Trends in Italy and the Low Countries, 1500-1800, «Explorations in Economic History», 62: 143‑153.
  3. Arnaud C. (2018), Topographien des Alltags: Bologna und Straßburg um 1400, Berlin.
  4. Bisschops T. (2007), Ruimtelijke vermogensverhoudingen in Leiden (1438-1561): een pleidooi voor een perceelsgewijze analyse van steden en stedelijke samenlevingen in de Lage Landen, «Stadsgeschiedenis», 2: 121‑138.
  5. Blockmans W.P., De Meyer I, Mertens J., Van Houtte J.A. and Van Weverke H. (eds.) (1971), Studiën betreffende de sociale strukturen te Brugge, Kortrijk en Gent in de 14e en 15e eeuw, I-III, Heule.
  6. Bodenhamer D.J. (2013), Beyond GIS: Geospatial Technologies and the Future of History, in von Lünen A. and Travis C. (eds.), History and GIS, Dordrecht: 1‑13.
  7. Boeschoten W.C. and van Manen E. (1983), Een welstandsverdeling van Haarlem in 1543. Kwantitatieve toetsing van een zestiende-eeuwse fiscale bron, «BMGN - Low Countries Historical Review», 98: 523-539.
  8. Brand A.J. (2008), Leiden rond 1500. Een pre-industriële stad onder spanning, «Leids Jaarboekje», 100: 95‑120.
  9. Brand H. (1992), Urban Policy or Personal Government. The Involvement of the Urban Elite in the Economy of Leiden at the End of the Middle Ages, in Diederiks H., Hohenberg P.M. and Wagenaar M. (eds.), Economic Policy since the Late Middle Ages. The Visible Hand and the Fortune of Cities, Leicester: 17‑35.
  10. Brand H. (1996), Over macht en overwicht: stedelijke elites in Leiden (1420-1510), Leuven.
  11. Brand H. (2003), Sociale omstandigheden en charitatieve zorg, in Marsilje J.W. (ed.), Leiden tot 1574. De geschiedenis van een Hollandse stad, Leiden: 114‑150.
  12. Brand H. and Stabel P. (1995), De ontwikkeling van vollerslonen in enkele laat-middeleeuwse textielcentra in de Nederlanden. Een poging tot reconstructie, in Duvosquel J.M. And Thoen E. (eds.), Peasants and townsmen in medieval Europe. Studia in honorem Adriaan Verhulst, Ghent: 203‑222.
  13. Casson M. and Casson C. (2016), Location, Location, Location? Analysing Property Rents in Medieval Gloucester, «The Economic History Review», 6: 575‑599.
  14. Chadha C. and Garg S. (2019), Shortest Path Analysis on Geospatial Data Using PgRouting, in Bhattacharyya S., Hassanien A.E., Gupta D., Khanna A. and Pan I. (eds.), International Conference on Innovative Computing and Communications, Singapore: 201‑214.
  15. Chakravorty S. (1996), A Measurement of Spatial Disparity: The Case of Income Inequality, «Urban Studies», 33: 1671‑1686.
  16. Colson J. (2016), Commerce, Clusters, and Community: A Re-Evaluation of the Occupational Geography of London, c. 1400-c. 1550, «The Economic History Review», 69: 104‑130.
  17. Daelemans F. (1975), Leiden 1581. Een socio-demografisch onderzoek, «AAG bijdragen», 19: 137‑215.
  18. de Baar P.J.M. (1985), Jan van Hout en zijn Stratenboek en Grachtenboek, in Ups en Downer. Bundel artikelen bij het afscheid van mr. W. Downer als gemeentearchivaris van Leiden, Leiden: 5‑18.
  19. Denecke D. (1988), «Social Status and Place of Residence in Preindustrial German Towns: Recent Studies in Social Topography», in Denecke D. and Shaw G. (eds.), Urban Historical Geography: Recent Progress in Britain and Germany, Cambridge.
  20. Denecke D. and Shaw G. (eds.) (1988), Urban Historical Geography: Recent Progress in Britain and Germany, Cambridge.
  21. Duplessis R.S. and Howell M.C. (1982), Reconsidering the Early modern Urban Economy: the Cases of Leiden and Lille, «Past and Present», 94: 49‑84.
  22. Eckstein N.A. (2006), Addressing Wealth in Renaissance Florence: Some New Soundings from the Catasto of 1427, «Journal of Urban History», 32: 711‑728.
  23. G. G. PoundJ.F. (1966), The Social and Trade Structure of Norwich 1525-1575, «Past & Present», 34: 49‑69.
  24. Gao F., Kihal W., Le Meur N., Souris M. and Deguen S. (2016), Assessment of the Spatial Accessibility to Health Professionals at French Census Block Level, «International Journal for Equity in Health», 15, 125.
  25. Glaeser E.L., Resseger M. and Tobio K. (2009), Inequality in Cities, «Journal of Regional Science», 49: 617‑646.
  26. Halás M., Klapka P., BačíkV. And Klobučník M. (2017), The Spatial Equity Principle in the Administrative Division of the Central European Countries, «PLOS ONE», 12: e0187406.
  27. Hanus J. (2013), Real Inequality in the Early Modern Low Countries: the City of ’s-Hertogenbosch, 1500-1660, «The Economic History Review», 66: 733‑756.
  28. Hillier B. and Raford N. (2010), Description and Discovery in Socio-Ppatial Analysis: the Case of Space Syntax, in Walford G., Tucker E. and Viswanathan M. (eds.), The SAGE Handbook of Measurement, London: 265-282.
  29. Hoffman P.T., Jacks D.S., Levin P.A. and Lindert P.H. (2002), Real Inequality in Europe since 1500, «The Journal of Economic History», 62: 322‑355.
  30. Jahn J. (1984), Die Augsburger Sozialstruktur im 15. Jahrhundert, in Gottlieb G., Baer W. And Becker J. (eds.), Geschichte der Stadt Augsburg von der Römerzeit bis zur Gegenwart, Stuttgar: 187‑193.
  31. Kanbur R. and Venables A.J. (eds.) (2005), Spatial Inequality and Development, Oxford.
  32. Langton J. (1975), Residential Patterns in Pre-Industrial Cities: Some Case Studies from seventeenth-Century Britain, «Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers», 65: 1-27.
  33. Lesger C. and van Leeuwen M.H.D. (2012), Residential Segregation from the sixteenth to the nineteenth Century: Evidence from the Netherlands, «Journal of Interdisciplinary History», 42: 333‑369.
  34. Lobao L., Hooks G. and Tickamyer A. (eds.) (2007), The Sociology of Spatial Inequality, Albany.
  35. Lunsingh Scheurleer Th.H., Fock C.W. and van Dissel A.J. (1986-1989), Het Rapenburg: geschiedenis van een Leidse gracht, 6 vols, Leiden.
  36. Meinhardt M. and Ranft A. (eds.) (2005), Die Sozialstruktur und Sozialtopographie vorindustrieller Städte, München.
  37. Michel A. and Ribardière A. (2017), Identifier les ressources urbaines pour lire les inégalités socio-spatiales. Introduction, «EchoGéo», 39: 1-7.
  38. Milanović B. (2016), Global Inequality: A New Approach for the Age of Globalization, Cambridge, MA.
  39. Noordam D.J. (2002), Leiden in last. De financiële positie van de Leidenaren aan het einde van de Middeleeuwen, «Jaarboek der sociale en economische geschiedenis van Leiden en omstreken», 13: 16-40.
  40. Piketty T. (2014), Capital in the Twenty-First Century, Cambridge, MA.
  41. Posthumus N.W. (1908), De geschiedenis van de Leidsche lakenindustrie. De middeleeuwen (veertiende tot zestiende eeuw), The Hague.
  42. Ryckbosch W. (2016), Economic Inequality and Growth Before the Industrial Revolution: the Case of the Low Countries (fourteenth to nineteenth Centuries), «European Review of Economic History», 20: 1‑22.
  43. Schott D. (2017), Infrastrukturnetze und soziale Ungleichheit: Die historische Perspektive, «Moderne Stadtgeschichte», 2: 66‑78.
  44. Sjoberg G. (1960), The Preindustrial City: Past and Present, New York.
  45. Soltow L. and van Zanden J.L (1998), Income and Wealth Inequality in the Netherlands, 16th-20th Century, Amsterdam.
  46. Stanley B.W., Dennehy T.J., Smith M.E., Stark B.L., York A.M., Cowgill G.L., Novic J. and Ek J. (2016), Service Access in Premodern Cities: An Exploratory Comparison of Spatial Equity, «Journal of Urban History», 42: 121‑144.
  47. Stillwell J., Norman C., Thomas C. and Surridge P. (eds.) (2010), Spatial and Social Disparities, Dordrecht.
  48. Talen E. (2011), Geovisualization of Spatial Equity, in Nyerges T., Couclelis H. and McMaster R. (eds.), The SAGE Handbook of GIS and Society, London: 458‑479.
  49. Talen E. (2011), Geovisualization of Spatial Equity, in Nyerges T., Couclelis H. and McMaster R. (eds.), The SAGE Handbook of GIS and Society, London: 458‑479.
  50. Tan P.Y. and Samsudin R. (2017), Effects of Spatial Scale on Assessment of Spatial Equity of Urban Park Provision, «Landscape and Urban Planning», 158: 139‑154.
  51. UNECE (2014), Conference of European Statisticians Recommendations on Measuring Sustainable Development, <unece.org/fileadmin/DAM/stats/publications/2013/CES_SD_web.pdf> [05/20].
  52. Valente V. (2012), Space Syntax and Urban Form: the Case of Late Medieval Padova, «PCA. Post classical archaeologies», 2: 147‑186.
  53. van Bavel B.J.P. and van Zanden J.L. (2004), The Jump-Start of the Holland Economy during the Late-Medieval Crisis, c.1350-c.1500, «The Economic History Review», 57: 503‑532.
  54. van der Burg M., van der Heijden M., van Nederveen Meerkerk E. and Vermeesch G. (2009), Introduction. The Rise of Public Facilities in the Low Countries, 1400-1800, in Id. (eds.), Serving the Urban Community. The Rise of Public Facilities in the Low Countries, Amsterdam.
  55. van Leeuwen M. and Maas I. (2011), HISCLASS. A Historical International Social Class Scheme, Leuven.
  56. van Leeuwen M.H.D., Maas I. And Miles A. (2002), HISCO. Historical International Standard Classification of Occupations, Leuven.
  57. van Oerle H. (1975), Leiden binnen en buiten de stadsvesten: de geschiedenis van de stedebouwkundige ontwikkeling binnen het Leidse rechtsgebied tot aan het einde van de Gouden Eeuw, 2 Vols, Leiden.
  58. van Steensel A. (2018), Mapping Medieval Leiden: Residential and Occupational Topographies, in Solórzano Telechea J.Á. and Sousa Melo A. (eds.), Trabajar en la ciudad medieval europea, Logroño.
  59. van Zanden J.L. (1995), Tracing the Beginning of the Kuznets Curve: Western Europe during the Early Modern Period, «The Economic History Review», 48: 643‑664.
  60. Vance J.E. (1971), Land Assignment in the Precapitalist, Capitalist, and Postcapitalist City, «Economic Geography», 47: 101-120.
PDF
  • Publication Year: 2020
  • Pages: 369-388
  • Content License: CC BY 4.0
  • © 2020 Author(s)

XML
  • Publication Year: 2020
  • Content License: CC BY 4.0
  • © 2020 Author(s)

Chapter Information

Chapter Title

Measuring urban inequalities. Spatial patterns of service access in sixteenth-century Leiden

Authors

Arie Van Steensel

Language

English

DOI

10.36253/978-88-5518-053-5.24

Peer Reviewed

Publication Year

2020

Copyright Information

© 2020 Author(s)

Content License

CC BY 4.0

Metadata License

CC0 1.0

Table of Contents

Book Title

Disuguaglianza economica nelle società preindustriali: cause ed effetti / Economic inequality in pre-industrial societies: causes and effect

Editors

Giampiero Nigro

Peer Reviewed

Number of Pages

488

Publication Year

2020

Copyright Information

© 2020 Author(s)

Content License

CC BY 4.0

Metadata License

CC0 1.0

Publisher Name

Firenze University Press

DOI

10.36253/978-88-5518-053-5

ISBN Print

978-88-5518-052-8

eISBN (pdf)

978-88-5518-053-5

eISBN (xml)

978-88-5518-054-2

Series Title

Datini Studies in Economic History

140

Fulltext
downloads

244

Views

Export Citation

1,188

Open Access Books

in the Catalogue

889

Book Chapters

1,850,327

Fulltext
downloads

2,631

Authors

from 519 Research Institutions

of 51 Nations

51

scientific boards

from 280 Research Institutions

of 39 Nations

786

Referees

from 186 Research Institutions

of 32 Nations