What is the structure of a scientific explanation? How many types of explanation are there? Does science really offer explanations? From the traditional model, according to which "explaining" means "finding causes" we have moved on to the deductive-nomological model (D-N), introduced by Hempel and Oppenheim in 1948, according to which the explanation is a logical inference drawn from specific laws and conditions, without any reference to causes. The D-N model was then integrated by statistical-inductive explanations, but the objections made to Salmon's model over recent decades have stimulated proposals for alternatives, including the pragmatic and the "unificationist" models, through to the retrieval of the notion of cause by Salmon himself. This book analyses the epistemological problems relating to the explanation, arriving at the retrieval of the link between explanation and truth that the twentieth century sought to eliminate.
in the Catalogue