This volume offers a series of insights into the fascinating topic of errors and false opinions in early modern Europe. It explores the semantic richness of the category of ‘error’ in a time when such category becomes crucial to European thought and culture. During decades of increasing normativity in the social and religious sphere as well as in the epistemological status of disciplines, recognizing and correcting error becomes an imperative task whose importance can hardly be overestimated. The efforts at establishing religious, political, and scientific orthodoxy led philosophers, doctors, philologist, scientist, and theologians, to reconsider the very foundations of knowledge in the attempt to dispel errors. Spanning geographically from Italy to France, England, and Germany, the articles here gathered provide stimulating glimpses into one of the most fascinating, multifaceted, and controversial aspects of early modern culture.
Giorgio CaravaleError of the Heretic, Error of the Controversialist. Error and Deception in Sixteenth-Century Religious Polemics
Marco SgarbiErrors of Interpretation: Vincenzo Maggi and Sperone Speroni, Readers of Francesco Robortello
Paolo Cherchi“Errori popolari:” How a Medical Notion Became an Aesthetic One
Vera KellerLost in the Woods: Francis Bacon’s Errant Pathways in Knowledge
Jean-Pierre CavailléThe Notions of Erroneous Conscience in Pierre Bayle
Martin MulsowPositive and Negative Error. A Debate in the Illuminati Order
in the Catalogue